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英文写作绝招
新马首页 来源:NCIC 作者:NCIC 关注:1892 更新时间:2015-4-30 14:47:59

江苏省南通市白蒲高级中学    郭再琴

 

写作绝招一(如何写好开头和结尾)

一、开头万能公式:

1、开头万能公式一:

经典句型:A proverb says, ……(适用于已记住的名言)

As everyone knows, …… (适用于自编名言)

As is known to us all, ……

It is known that ……

No one can deny that……

2、开头万能公式二:数字统计原理

经典句型According to a recent survey, about 78.9% of the college students wanted to further their study after their graduation.

78.9%看起来文诌诌的,其实是编造出来的。 原则上在议论文当中不应该出现虚假数字,可是在考试的时候有东西写就万事大吉了;要想更有说服力,就应该用实际的数字来说明。

二、结尾万能公式:

1、结尾万能公式一

经典句型Obviously(此为过渡短语)we can draw the conclusion that good manners arise from politeness and respect for others.

说完了,毕竟要归纳一番,相信各位都有这样的经历,听到“总而言之”之类的话,我们会马上停止开小差,等待发言者说结束语。也就是说,开头很好,也必然要有一个精彩的结尾,让阅卷老师眼前一亮,这样,你就可以拿高分了!

更多过渡短语:to sum up, in conclusion, in brief, on account of this, thus

更多句型:Thus, it can be concluded that…, Therefore, we can find that…

2、结尾万能公式二

经典句型Obviously, it is high time that we took some measures to solve the problem.

这里的虚拟语气用得很经典,因为考官本来经常考这个句型,而如果我们自己写出来,你说考官会怎么想呢?拽!

更多句型:

Accordingly(相似地,照着), I recommend that some measures be taken.

Consequently(因此,所以), to solve the problem, some measures should be taken.

 

写作绝招二(写作的七项基本原则)

一、 长短句原则

工作还得一张一驰呢,老让读者读长句,累死人!写一个短小精辟的句子,相反,却可以起到画龙点睛的作用,而且如果我们把短句放在段首或者段末,也可以揭示主题:

As a creature, I eat; as a man, I read. Although one action is to meet the primary need of my body and the other is to satisfy the intellectual need of mind, they are in a way quite similar.

如此可见,长短句结合,抑扬顿挫,岂不爽哉?牢记!

二、 主题句原则

建议各位一定要写一个主题句,放在文章的开头(保险型)或者结尾,让读者一目了然。

To begin with, you must work hard at your lessons and be fully prepared before the exam主题句). Without sufficient preparation, you can hardly expect to answer all the questions correctly.

三、 一 二 三原则

为使文章结构清楚,条理自然,必然要通过一些关键性的“标签”。破解方法很简单,只要把下面任何一组的词汇加入到你的几个要点前就清楚了。

1first, second, third, last

2firstly, secondly, thirdly, finally

3the first, the second, the third, the last

4in the first place, in the second place, in the third place, lastly

5to begin with, then, furthermore, finally(较高级)

6to start with, next, in addition, finally(较高级)

7first and foremost(最重要的), besides, last but not least(较高级)

8most important of all, moreover, finally

9on the one hand, on the other hand(适用于两点的情况)

10for one thing, for another thing(适用于两点的情况)

四、 短语优先原则

写作时,尤其是在考试时使用短语,有两个好处:1、用短语会使文章增加亮点,精彩的短语使阅卷老师眼前一亮,那么你的文章定会得高分了;2、关键时刻思维短路,只有凑字数,怎么办?用短语是一个办法!比如:

I cannot bear it. → 可以用短语表达:I cannot put up with it.

I want it.        → 可以用短语表达:I am looking forward to it.

这样字数明显增加,表达也更准确。

五、 少虚多实原则

这里所说的虚词是指那些大而空的词。比如我们说“很好”的时候,不应该说nice这样空洞的词,应该使用一些诸如generous, humorous, interesting, smart, gentle, warm-hearted, hospitable(乐于接待客人的,好客的)之类的形象词(即实词)。

再比如:走出房间,一般的词是:walk out of the room;但是小偷走出房间应该说:slip out of the room; 小孩走出房间应该说:dance out of the room

老人走出房间应该说:  stagger out of the room;所以多用实词,少用虚词,文章将会大放异彩!

六、 多变句式原则:都希望写下很长的句子,像个老外似的,可就是怕写错,怎么办?

1、加法(串联)

I enjoy music and he is fond of playing guitar.

Not only the fur coat is soft, but it is also warm.

更多的短语:besides, furthermore, likewise, moreover

2、转折(拐弯抹角

The car was quite old, yet it was in excellent condition.

The coat was thin, but it was warm.

更多的短语:despite, despite that, still, however, nevertheless, in spite of

3、因果关系

The snow began to fall, so we went home.

更多短语:therefore, consequently, accordingly, as a result, for this reason, so that

4、应用从句或插入语

This is what I can do.

Whether he can go with us or not is not sure.

The man whom you met yesterday is a friend of mine.

I don’t enjoy that book you are reading.

Mr liu, our oral English teacher, is easy-going.

5、排比(文学作品中最吸引人的地方莫过于此)

Nowadays, energy can be obtained through various sources such as oil, coal, natural gas, solar heat, the wind and ocean tides.

We have got to study hard, to enlarge our knowledge, to realize our potentials and to achieve our ambitions. (如此排比气势恢宏!

 

写作绝招三(文章主体段落四大杀手锏)

一、举实例

思维短路,举实例!提出一个观点,举实例!提出一个方案,举实例!

In order to attract more customers, advertisers have adopted every possible method. For instance, to advertise a certain food, advertisers will ask an actor or actress to sit at a table and eat the delicious food while they film him or her.

更多句型:To take … as an example, One example is…, Another example is…, for example

二、做比较:写完一个要点,比较与之相似的;又写完一个要点,再比较与之相反的。

相似的比较:in comparison, likewise, similarly, in the same manner

相反的比较:on the other hand, while, instead, nevertheless, on the contrary, …

三、换言之:让你的文章再多一些字,或者让读者更充分的理解你的观点。

下面的句子实际上就三个字 I love you!

I am enthusiastic about you. That is to say, I love you.

I am wild about you. In other words, I have fallen in love with you.

更多短语:that is, in simpler words, put it more simply

四、强调句型

1、用助词“do”表示强调

egThe baby is generally healthybut every now and then she does catch a cold. 那孩子的健康状况尚好,但就是偶尔患感冒。

Do be quietI told you I had a headache.务必安静,我告诉过你,我头疼。

2、用 “not...too much”,“否定加否定”等结构表示强调

I can’t thank you too much.我无论怎样感谢你都不过份。

I am not unfaithful to you.我对你无比忠诚。

I can’t agree with you more.

3、用短语“in no way”,“by all means”,“by no means”, “in the world”, “on earth”,“under the sun”等表示强调

By all means take your son with you. 你一定要把儿子带来。

Where in the world / on earth were you then? 当时你到底在哪里?

Nobody under the sun would buy that car. 确实没有人会买那辆车。

4、用倒装句表示强调

Only then did I realize that I was wrong.

Only in this way can we work out the problem.

5、用强调句型表示强调

EgIt was the headmaster who opened the door for me. 正是校长为我开的门。

It was yesterday that we carried out that experiment. 是在昨天我们做了那个实验。

 

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